Overview

What parasites should I worry about in my dog?
What is a “4DX” test and why to we recommend it for your dog every year?
Parasite prevention options for your dog
Lyme disease risk map





What parasites should I worry about in my dog?


It's SPRING you say!  It's PARASITE SEASON we say! The warmer temperatures we all love at this time of year bring with them grass and flowers, birds and parasites.  It is very important to educate yourself about the risks of parasites to your pet and to your family, and choose a parasite prevention program that works for you.   

1. External Parasites:  Fleas, ticks, lice and mange mites. 

Every pet is at risk of coming in contact with external parasites. Even an apartment cat! Read more below!  

FLEAS are found in all environments. They jump from far distances when they sense carbon dioxide to take a blood meal from an animal. They can be carried into homes and apartment hallways on animals, or even on clothing.  Once they take a blood meal, they drop off the pet and start laying eggs. They lay up to 40 eggs each per day and in that manner, rapidly reproducing in floorboards, carpets and furniture where they can lay dormant for up to 6 months.  They cause intense itching to most dogs.  Preventing a flea problem is much easier than treatment a flea problem, so consider a flea prevention on for all pets.   

ticks chart

TICKS are found in leaf litter, green spaces, tall grasses and the fringe areas around these spaces. There are many species of ticks found in Ontario, but the recent rise in the Deer Tick has led to health concerns in humans and animals because it transmits several diseases, including Lyme Disease and Anaplasmosis.  They can be extremely small and difficult to visualize so relying on visualization of the tick to prevent the spread of disease is not effective.  Lyme disease is a serious disease in pets, causing fever, inappetence, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain and in rare cases, life threatening kidney disease.  We strongly recommend a tick prevention product for all pets at risk of coming in contact with them.  

LICE, MITES:  These external parasites are also found in the environment and can cause intense itching. Mange mites are transmissible to humans.

2. Internal Parasites: Heartworm, hookworm, roundworm, whipworm and tapeworm

Pets can contract heartworm from a mosquito bite. They can contract other intestinal parasites by drinking contaminated water, eating contaminated grass or dirt, or coming in contact with other animal’s feces.  Many intestinal parasites are transmissible to humans, with children, pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals being at greatest risk.  In addition to prevention, testing your dogs feces at least yearly is recommended.  

HEARTWORM is present in low numbers in our area, but is common in communities within 1 hour of Kitchener/Waterloo.  Though the risk is considered low, the consequence of a pet contracting heartworm disease is very high.  Heartworm disease is caused by a parasite that lives in the vessels in and around the heart.  It slowly damages the heart over time, eventually leading to heart failure.  If diagnosed early (with a yearly 4DX test!) it can be treated, but treatment is expensive and dangerous. Prevention is simple, with a monthly deworming tablet starting on June 1st and continuing for 6 months until November 1st, as this is the time period in Ontario that heartworm is active. As you will see below, there are many benefits to monthly deworming.  Your dog should have a 4dx test before starting heartworm prevention as some medications will cause serious reactions in dogs with heartworm.   

dog licking kid

TAPEWORM:  Echinoccocus Multilocularis is a disease that is gaining attention in Ontario right now.  Dogs can contract the intestinal form of the disease from eating a rodent (dead or alive) and can shed the eggs in their feces. These eggs can cause severe, life threatening tumor-like cystic liver disease in humans and has actually become a reportable disease through Health Canada.  For more information on this parasite, please read our client info sheet.  If your pet is at risk of coming in contact with a rodent, he/she should be on Interceptor Plus and you should consider treating monthly year-round.  This type of tapeworm is very small, and not visualized with the naked eye.  

WHIPWORMS, ROUNDWORMS, HOOKWORMS:  Intestinal parasites are common in dogs and in the environment.  Many dogs can carry and shed the eggs of these parasites without showing any signs.  Monthly deworming is an effective way to treat and prevent most intestinal parasites.   

What prevention product is best for my pet?

  After reading the above information, we you can answer a few simple questions that will help us find a product that is best for your pet. Check out our prevention plans to help find the correct product for your pet, or call us and we can help you. 





What is a “4DX” test and why to we recommend it for your dog every year?

-4DX is blood test that looks for 4 very important tick-borne diseases. Our veterinarians recommend performing this test yearly.   We are seeing and increasing number or positive tests every year.  

image result for heartworm

1. Heartworm disease: A parasite that is spread by mosquitoes and live in the vessels round the heart or in the heart. The parasites can silently do their damage for years before clinical signs of heart failure are noted.  Running a blood test can ensure that we catch this deadly disease early to give your pet the best chance of treatment.  Even if your pet has been on prevention, infection can occur from missed pills, late pills (vomited or spit out that may have occurred unnoticed) or infection outside of the normal prevention period (for example, in dogs that travel south).  Giving parasite prevention medications to a dog with an undiagnosed heartworm infection can lead to a serious reaction. 

image result for deer tick

2. Lyme Disease:  Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium that is spread by the Deer Tick which is rapidly increasing in numbers in our area.  Ticks can be present 12 months of the year, with even a single day above 4 degrees Celsius, and they can be extremely small and difficult to visualize. Lyme disease can be spread to a dog by a tick that is attached for 24-48 hours.  The classic symptoms are fever, swollen lymph nodes and sore joints, but in some dogs, symptoms might be mild and subtle. Given that dogs can not vocalize about their low-grade aches and pains, we prefer to screen them yearly for this disease.

3. Ehrlichiosis:  Ehrlichiosis is also caused by a bacterium. This disease that is spread by the Brown Dog Tick.  Although seen less commonly than Lyme disease, it is found in Ontario ticks and is diagnosed in pets that have not left the province.  It causes fever, swollen lymph nodes and blood clotting disorders. Symptoms can be subtle and chronic and difficult to diagnose.

4. Anaplasmosis:  Anaplasmosis is another disease caused by a bacterium that is spread by the Deer Tick.  It causes swollen lymph nodes, lameness and bleeding disorders.

ADD ON A WELLNESS PROFILE TO MONITOR YOUR PETS GENERAL HEALTH!

This is also an excellent opportunity to check your pet’s overall health status.  Our reference laboratory offers excellent discounts on bloodwork during heartworm season, to provide pet owners with the opportunity to get an overall health assessment on their pet with routine blood testing, with the same blood collection.  This is recommended in younger pets periodically to get a baseline for the future. It is recommended for pets with health problems, those on chronic medications, and in senior pets to screen for early age-related diseases.  For example, Dr. Stephanie diagnosed her pet with hypothyroidism on a routine wellness test and started thyroid medications, and a few years later diagnosed her with early kidney disease that she now manages and monitors.

Please call or email us to book your pet in for a 4DX/Wellness test today.

Discounted prices end July 31st, 2019

519-653-1003 or [email protected]







PARASITE SEASON OPTIONS

PLATINUM PET PROTECTION – Year-Round Complete Protection for Dogs

WHO?:

High risk dogs and families.

-Families with small children, pregnant women, immune compromised individuals.

-Dogs that roam greenspace or backyards freely, have access to other animal feces or come in contact with rodents (dead or alive).

WHY?:
-Children, pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals are at higher risk of becoming infected with parasites from their pets.

-Dogs that are roaming off leash or in yards are much more likely to come in contact with fleas, lice and ticks and rodents.  

-Dogs that come in contact with other animal’s feces or rodents (dead or alive) are at much higher risk of contracting or shedding the “fox tapeworm” which can cause serious disease in humans.
WHAT?:
-Protect your dog from external parasites like fleas, lice, mites and ticks. Limit the spread of Lyme disease, Erlichia and Anaplasmosis from ticks. Prevent development of heartworm from mosquitoes. Prevent and treat intestinal parasites from the environment.

-Protect you and your family from external and internal parasites that are transmissible to humans, especially Echinoccocus Multilocularis, also referred to as the “fox tapeworm”.
HOW?:

Year round coverage with Bravecto every 3 months AND oral Interceptor Plus every month.



***MY DOG HAS FOOD ALLERGIES; CAN WE STILL USE ORAL MEDICATIONS? ***

Bravecto is hydrolyzed, making it hypoallergenic. However, Interceptor Plus does contain a small amount of chicken so dogs with severe chicken allergies may need to avoid this. Please talk to your veterinary team about the risks vs benefits as Interceptor Plus is the only option that prevents Echinococcus Multilocularis. 

***MY DOG CAN’T TAKE ORAL MEDICATIONS! ***

If your pet can not (or will not!) take oral medications, or you prefer topical products for any other reason, please talk to our team about topical options. Be aware that topical medications will not protect against Echinococcus Multilocularis.             

 

GOLD PET PROTECTION -Seasonal Complete Protection for Dogs

WHO?: Intermediate risk dogs and families

-Families with small children, pregnant women, immune compromised individuals.

-Dogs that walk in or around greenspace, forested areas or roam in backyards during nicer weather, but not during winter months.
WHY?:
-Children, pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals are more likely to contract parasites from dogs.

-Dogs walking in grass or roaming in back yards come in contact with ticks, fleas, lice, intestinal parasites.
WHAT?:
-Protect your dog from external parasites like fleas, lice, mites and ticks. Limit the spread of Lyme disease, Erlichia, Anaplasmosis from ticks. Prevent development of heartworm from mosquitoes. Prevent and treat intestinal parasites from the environment.

-Protect you and your family from external and internal parasites that are transmissible to humans, especially Echinococcus Multilocularis.
HOW?:
-Oral or Topical Bravecto every 3 months for 3 doses starting March 1, and Oral Interceptor Plus monthly for 6 months starting Jun 1

                                                OR                                


-Topical Advantix monthly for 9 months starting March 1 AND Topical Advantage Multi monthly for 6 months starting June 1 (**Does not protect against fox tapeworm in rodents and wild canid feces)

  

***MY DOG HAS FOOD ALLERGIES; CAN WE STILL USE ORAL MEDICATIONS? ***

Bravecto is hydrolyzed, making it hypoallergenic. However, Interceptor Plus does contain a small amount of chicken so dogs with severe chicken allergies may need to avoid this. Please talk to your veterinary team about the risks vs benefits as Interceptor Plus is the only option that prevents Echinococcus Multilocularis. 

***MY DOG CAN’T TAKE ORAL MEDICATIONS! ***

If your pet can not (or will not!) take oral medications, or you prefer topical products for any other reason, please talk to our team about topical options. Be aware that topical medications will not protect against Echinococcus Multilocularis.   

         

SILVER PET PROTECTION -Basic Protection for Dogs

WHO?:
LOW risk  dogs and Families
-Dogs that walk on sidewalks, no access to greenspace and yards.

WHY?:

-Fleas jump large distances and are found in all outdoor environments. 1 flea entering the home can lead to a flea infestation.  

-Monthly intestinal parasite and heartworm prevention is recommended in all dogs during the summer months. Contact with mosquitos is possible with all dogs.
WHAT?:

-Protect your dog from fleas.  Prevent development of heartworm from mosquitoes. Prevent and treat intestinal parasites from the environment.

-Protect your family from external and internal parasites that are transmissible to humans.
HOW?:

-ORAL Sentinel* monthly for 6 months from June 1 – Nov 1 *Does not protect against ticks

                                                OR                                

-TOPICAL Advantage multi** monthly for 6 months starting June 1
**Does not protect against fox tapeworm from rodents and wild canid feces








Lyme disease risk map

ticks chart






Location & Hours

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Office Hours

Monday:

8:00 am-7:00 pm

Tuesday:

8:00 am-7:00 pm

Wednesday:

8:00 am-7:00 pm

Thursday:

8:00 am-7:00 pm

Friday:

8:00 am-7:00 pm

Saturday:

9:00 am-4:00 pm

(Vet available 9-3)

Sunday:

9:00 am-4:00 pm

(Vet available 10-2)

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6:00 pm - 8:00 am

Friday:

6:00 pm - Monday 8:00 am

Saturday, Sunday:

Open 24 hrs

Friday 6:00 pm - Monday 8:00 am

Open 24 hrs a day on all statutory holidays

For Pet Emergencies call (519) 650-1617